Studies

Reliability Studies
Case Study results
Myers-Briggs Type
Indicator (MBTI)
Millon Index of Personality
Styles (MIPS)
Sixteen Personality
Factors (16PF)

Construct Validity:

GEMA™-Lead360 and Millon Index of Personality Styles (MIPS)

Millon Index of Personality Styles (MIPS) Correlations

Global Scores

 

 

1A

1B

2A

2B

3A

3B

4A

4B

5A

5B

6A

6B

Self Above Service Pre Self -.05 -.54 .72 -.47 -.03 .16 .29 .20 .85* -.68 .72 .76
    Group .90* -.60 .20 -.33 .43 -.36 -.76 .70 -.33 -.19 -.12 .19
  Post Self -.86* .33 -.05 .19 -.66 .55 .60 -.48 .43 .03 .06 -.17
    Group .86* -.62 .29 -.61 .88* -.74 -.45 .29 .00 -.47 .29 .28
Service Beyond Self Pre Self .38 -.15 -.25 -.30 .39 -.45 -.38 -.20 -.35 -.05 -.30 -.59
    Group -.54 .52 -.60 .71 -.62 .34 .02 .07 -.16 .58 -.50 -.13
  Post Self .52 .02 .04 .07 .27 -.10 -.33 .25 -.61 .23 -.19 -.11
Area Scores   Group -.54 .85* -.35 .85* -.47 .48 .38 -.15 -.39 .75 -.24 -.08
Entitlement Pre Self -.38 .02 .06 .18 -.84* .75 .01 .13 -.02 .12 -.33 -.24
    Group .48 .15 -.24 .49 .12 -.10 -.52 .68 -.65 .51 -.37 .24
  Post Self -.63 .65 -.41 .57 -.86* .74 .19 -.38 -.51 .63 -.65 -.83*
    Group .61 .10 -.23 .22 .51 -.44 -.46 .36 -.62 .34 -.22 .07
Domination Pre Self -.77 .14 .17 .02 -.59 .54 .63 -.40 .60 -.16 .25 .03
    Group .69 -.06 -.10 .20 .31 -.24 -.61 .61 -.66 .31 -.31 .12
  Post Self -.86* .37 -.11 .24 -.65 .53 .58 -.47 .40 .08 .03 -.16
    Group .86* -.41 .14 -.28 .58 -.46 -.61 .47 -.41 -.11 -.07 .08
Withdrawal Pre Self .29 -.65 .77 -.59 .41 -.20 .15 .32 .78 -.75 .85* .94*
    Group -.03 -.62 .43 -.74 .01 -.02 .10 -.21 .64 -.74 .34 -.04
  Post Self -.78 .19 .05 .03 -.48 .39 .62 -.48 .60 -.14 .24 -.01
    Group .22 -.70 .56 -.91* .59 -.49 .17 -.20 .82* -.92* .75 .37
Connection Pre Self .53 -.23 -.36 -.05 .10 -.25 -.78 .33 -.60 .17 -.65 -.50
    Group .02 .46 -.52 .81* -.24 .10 -.33 .54 -.54 .73 -.50 .19
  Post Self .74 -.35 .34 -.28 .56 -.33 -.35 .40 -.26 -.16 .18 .29
    Group -.15 .65 -.66 .92* -.31 .15 -.21 .34 -.61 .85* -.58 -.01
Cooperation Pre Self -.58 .39 -.57 .24 -.26 -.02 .22 -.50 .11 .22 -.27 -.44
    Group -.59 .60 -.38 .69 -.44 .31 .32 -.04 .02 .50 -.13 .17
  Post Self .57 -.06 .07 -.01 .31 -.15 -.37 .25 -.58 .16 -.16 -.11
    Group -.70 .86* -.19 .70 -.51 .58 .63 -.43 -.23 .60 -.07 -.17
Contribution Pre Self .57 -.30 .04 -.44 .56 -.48 -.34 -.08 -.28 -.20 -.05 -.33
    Group -.52 .43 -.57 .62 -.65 .35 -.03 .07 -.13 .51 -.53 -.20
  Post Self .47 .10 -.03 .15 .21 -.07 -.33 .23 -.68 .31 -.25 -.17
    Group -.51 .86* -.39 .86* -.43 .43 .34 -.13 -.42 .77 -.27 -.08
 

MIPS Scale*

High Scores

1A Enhancing: tend to look on the bright side of life.
1B Preserving: Tend to focus on and intensify the problems of life.
2A Modifying: Tend to take charge of their lives.
2B Accommodating: Undertake little to shape and alter their lives.
3A Individuating: Oriented to actualize their own wishes and needs.
3B Nurturing: Motivated to meet the needs of others first.
4A Extraversing: Tend to turn to others to find stimulation and encouragement.
4B Introversing: Tend to use their own thoughts and feelings as resources.
5A Sensing: Tend to gather knowledge from tangible and concrete experience.
5B Intuiting: Prefer the symbols and unknown to the concrete and observable.
6A Thinking: Prefer to process the knowledge they have by means of logic.
6B Feeling: Tend to form their judgments by heeding their own affective responses.

 

Millon Index of Personality Styles (MIPS) Correlations

Global Scores

 

 

7A

7B

8A

8B

9A

9B

10A

10B

11A

11B

12A

12B

Self Above Service Pre Self -.05 -.54 .72 -.47 -.03 .16 .29 .20 .85* -.68 .72 .76
    Group .90* -.60 .20 -.33 .43 -.36 -.76 .70 -.33 -.19 -.12 .19
  Post Self -.86* .33 -.05 .19 -.66 .55 .60 -.48 .43 .03 .06 -.17
    Group .86* -.62 .29 -.61 .88* -.74 -.45 .29 .00 -.47 .29 .28
Service Beyond Self Pre Self .38 -.15 -.25 -.30 .39 -.45 -.38 -.20 -.35 -.05 -.30 -.59
    Group -.54 .52 -.60 .71 -.62 .34 .02 .07 -.16 .58 -.50 -.13
  Post Self .52 .02 .04 .07 .27 -.10 -.33 .25 -.61 .23 -.19 -.11
Area Scores   Group -.54 .85* -.35 .85* -.47 .48 .38 -.15 -.39 .75 -.24 -.08
Entitlement Pre Self -.38 .02 .06 .18 -.84* .75 .01 .13 -.02 .12 -.33 -.24
    Group .48 .15 -.24 .49 .12 -.10 -.52 .68 -.65 .51 -.37 .24
  Post Self -.63 .65 -.41 .57 -.86* .74 .19 -.38 -.51 .63 -.65 -.83*
    Group .61 .10 -.23 .22 .51 -.44 -.46 .36 -.62 .34 -.22 .07
Domination Pre Self -.77 .14 .17 .02 -.59 .54 .63 -.40 .60 -.16 .25 .03
    Group .69 -.06 -.10 .20 .31 -.24 -.61 .61 -.66 .31 -.31 .12
  Post Self -.86* .37 -.11 .24 -.65 .53 .58 -.47 .40 .08 .03 -.16
    Group .86* -.41 .14 -.28 .58 -.46 -.61 .47 -.41 -.11 -.07 .08
Withdrawal Pre Self .29 -.65 .77 -.59 .41 -.20 .15 .32 .78 -.75 .85* .94*
    Group -.03 -.62 .43 -.74 .01 -.02 .10 -.21 .64 -.74 .34 -.04
  Post Self -.78 .19 .05 .03 -.48 .39 .62 -.48 .60 -.14 .24 -.01
    Group .22 -.70 .56 -.91* .59 -.49 .17 -.20 .82* -.92* .75 .37
Connection Pre Self .53 -.23 -.36 -.05 .10 -.25 -.78 .33 -.60 .17 -.65 -.50
    Group .02 .46 -.52 .81* -.24 .10 -.33 .54 -.54 .73 -.50 .19
  Post Self .74 -.35 .34 -.28 .56 -.33 -.35 .40 -.26 -.16 .18 .29
    Group -.15 .65 -.66 .92* -.31 .15 -.21 .34 -.61 .85* -.58 -.01
Cooperation Pre Self -.58 .39 -.57 .24 -.26 -.02 .22 -.50 .11 .22 -.27 -.44
    Group -.59 .60 -.38 .69 -.44 .31 .32 -.04 .02 .50 -.13 .17
  Post Self .57 -.06 .07 -.01 .31 -.15 -.37 .25 -.58 .16 -.16 -.11
    Group -.70 .86* -.19 .70 -.51 .58 .63 -.43 -.23 .60 -.07 -.17
Contribution Pre Self .57 -.30 .04 -.44 .56 -.48 -.34 -.08 -.28 -.20 -.05 -.33
    Group -.52 .43 -.57 .62 -.65 .35 -.03 .07 -.13 .51 -.53 -.20
  Post Self .47 .10 -.03 .15 .21 -.07 -.33 .23 -.68 .31 -.25 -.17
    Group -.51 .86* -.39 .86* -.43 .43 .34 -.13 -.42 .77 -.27 -.08

 

MIPS Scale* High Scores
7A Systematizing: Tend to be highly organized and predictable in their approach.
7B Innovating: Inclined to be creative and to take risks.
8A Retiring: Characterized by their lack of affect and their social indifference.
8B Outgoing: Tend to seek social stimulation, excitement, and attention.
9A Hesitating: Usually shy, timid, and nervous in social situations.
9B Asserting: Tend to feel that they are more competent and gifted than others.
10A Dissenting: Tend to act out in an independent and non-conforming manner.
10B Conforming: Likely to be upstanding and self-controlled.
11A Yielding: Are accustomed to suffering rather than experience pleasure.
11B Controlling: Tend to be forceful and often domineering and socially aggressive.
12A Complaining: Characterized by their tendency to be passive-aggressive and sullen.
12B Agreeing: Tend to be highly likable and socially amenable.

 

* Taken from Manual of the Millon Index of Personality Styles, The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, NM

 

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