Studies

Reliability Studies
Case Study results
Myers-Briggs Type
Indicator (MBTI)
Millon Index of Personality
Styles (MIPS)
Sixteen Personality
Factors (16PF)

Construct Validity:

GEMA™-Lead360 and Sixteen Personality Factors (16PF)

Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) Correlations

(Pearson Product-Moment by Statistica/w) n = 6 * p<.05

Global Scores

 

 

A

B

C

E

F

G

H

I
Self Above Service Pre Self -.82* .46 -.90* -.62 -.82* -.48 -.72 -.13
    Group .27 -.06 .05 .11 -.16 .23 .22 -.29
  Post Self -.38 -.08 -.21 -.05 -.18 -.48 -.35 .10
    Group .04 .03 -.18 -.38 -.19 .64 -.12 -.32
Service Beyond Self Pre Self .40 -.59 .35 .12 .14 .69 .10 -.29
    Group .30 -.31 .30 .30 .27 -.30 .33 -.09
  Post Self .39 .26 .43 .42 .43 .13 .53 .36
Area Scores   Group .25 .42 .48 .48 .73 -.41 .57 .70
Entitlement Pre Self -.09 -.16 .02 .47 -.25 -.74 .01 .05
    Group .57 .23 .47 .42 .50 -.01 .77 .15
  Post Self .32 -.27 .63 .84* .46 -.44 .43 .44
    Group .57 .15 .47 .23 .56 .43 .62 .13
Domination Pre Self -.57 .07 -.42 -.20 -.37 -.55 -.51 .08
    Group .54 .15 .44 .39 .40 .17 .66 .10
  Post Self -.34 -.09 -.17 -.04 -.13 -.45 -.31 .09
    Group .32 .03 .17 .10 .07 .40 .29 -.11
Withdrawal Pre Self -.73 .60 -.89* -.78 -.72 -.17 -.65 -.15
    Group -.56 -.31 -.61 -.45 -.81* -.00 -.79 -.45
  Post Self -.50 -.03 -.38 -.27 -.31 -.37 -.51 -.00
    Group -.66 -.00 -.81 -.89* -.77 .36 -.90* -.45
Connection Pre Self .63 -.70 .49 .45 .11 .39 .40 -.43
    Group .57 .06 .50 .44 .56 -.18 .76 .09
  Post Self .10 .40 .02 .00 .06 .21 .20 .15
    Group .64 -.00 .63 .52 .71 -.14 .81* .19
Cooperation Pre Self .13 -.62 .15 -.06 .12 .23 -.10 -.29
    Group .06 .14 .12 .08 .32 -.34 .23 .18
  Post Self .37 .22 .39 .38 .36 .18 .47 .30
    Group .03 .51 .36 .40 .64 -.47 .37 .84*
Contribution Pre Self .24 -.24 .19 .02 .07 .62 .05 -.12
    Group .28 -.43 .27 .31 .17 -.29 .27 -.19
  Post Self .45 .23 .50 .49 .50 .13 .59 .39
    Group .29 .38 .50 .47 .75 -.35 .60 .66
 

16 PF Scale*

Low Scores

High Scores

A Cool: reserved, impersonal, detached Warm: outgoing, kindly, likes people.
B Concrete-thinking: less intelligent. Abstract-thinking: more intelligent.
C Affected by feelings: easily annoyed. Emotionally stable: mature, calm.
E Submissive: humble, mild, easily led. Dominant: assertive, aggressive, bossy.
F Sober: prudent, serious, taciturn. Enthusiastic: expressive, cheerful.
G Expedient: disregards rules, indulgent. Conscientious: conforming, moralistic.
H Shy: timid, hesitant, intimidated. Bold: venturesome, uninhibited.
I Tough-minded: self-restraint, realistic. Tender-minded: sensitive, refined.

 

Sixteen Personality Factor (16PF) Correlations

n = 6 * p<.05

Global Scores

 

 

L

M

N

O

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Self Above Service Pre Self -.19 .51 .81 .35 -.71 .94* -.51 .38
    Group -.86* -.70 -.30 -.88* -.13 -.35 .83* .23
  Post Self .71 .85* .59 .84* .10 .50 -.82* -.38
    Group -.81* -.68 -.20 -.52 -.36 -.15 .46 .66
Service Beyond Self Pre Self -.34 -.52 -.33 -.23 .37 -.58 .33 .07
    Group .82* .75 .20 .27 .11 .08 -.27 -.83*
  Post Self -.54 -.97* -.84* -.79 .31 -.69 .85* .25
Area Scores   Group .65 .05 -.50 .03 .34 -.25 .04 -.35
Entitlement Pre Self .15 .36 .31 .09 .33 .11 -.06 -.56
    Group -.18 -.51 -.67 -.85* -.00 -.50 .82* -.15
  Post Self .49 .03 -.32 .13 .91* -.50 .05 -.69
    Group -.34 -.78 -.81 -.78 .05 -.64 .79 .18
Domination Pre Self .55 .85* .71 .84* -.07 .68 -.85* -.21
    Group -.50 -.80 -.74 -.95* .08 -.62 .95* .07
  Post Self .75 .87* .56 .83* .10 .48 -.81 -.41
    Group -.80 -.89* -.54 -.84* -.02 -.50 .83* .38
Withdrawal Pre Self -.44 .18 .58 .10 -.88* .82* -.28 .69
    Group -.27 .35 .77 .47 -.19 .52 -.51 .21
  Post Self .64 .90* .71 .90* -.09 .65 -.91* -.21
    Group -.40 .19 .69 .44 -.61 .66 -.54 .69
Connection Pre Self -.40 -.46 -.33 -.61 .38 -.66 .67 -.33
    Group .39 .09 -.38 -.45 -.00 -.28 .42 -.56
  Post Self -.78 -.89* -.54 -.76 -.12 -.34 .72 .57
    Group .56 .11 -.47 -.32 .17 -.38 .34 -.64
Cooperation Pre Self .77 .73 .36 .69 .16 .11 -.64 -.53
    Group .83* .68 .13 .36 -.09 .25 -.39 -.49
  Post Self -.61 -.99* -.80 -.79 .29 -.68 .85* .29
    Group .65 .05 -.43 .25 .42 -.16 -.16 -.19
Contribution Pre Self -.62 -.78 -.43 -.41 .22 -.53 .47 .39
    Group .76 .78 .28 .29 .14 .09 -.28 -.87*
  Post Self -.47 -.96* -.88* -.79 .37 -.75 .86* .18
    Group .66 .05 -.52 .01 .33 -.27 .06 -.36

 

16 PF Scale*

Low Scores

High Scores

L Trusting: accepting conditions, easy. Suspicious: hard to fool, skeptical.
M Practical: steady, “down to earth.” Imaginative:absent minded, impractical.
N Forthright: unpretentious, open. Shrewd: polished, socially aware.
O Self-assured: secure, untroubled. Apprehensive: self-blaming, insecure.
Q1 Conservative: respecting traditional. Experimenting: liberal, open to change.
Q2 Group-oriented: sound follower, listens. Self-sufficient: prefers own decisions.
Q3 Undisciplined self-conflict: lax. Following self-image: socially precise.
Q4 Relaxed: tranquil, composed. Tense: frustrated, has high drive.

* Taken from 16PF Test Profile, IPAT, PO Box 1188, Champaign IL., 61824-1188

 

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